Cooperative Learning- is a form of active learning where students work together to perform specific tasks in small groups.

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Dr. Robert Marzano is co-founder and CEO of Marzano Research Laboratory in Centennial, Colorado. Dr. Marzano is a prominent researcher in education and has identified Cooperative Learning as an instructional strategy in the Meta-Analysis Research. According to the Meta-Research studies it concludes Cooperative Learning integration is an instructional tool that facilitates increase in student’s academic achievement by 30 percentile points higher than students not expose to this strategic resource.

Dr. Robert Marzano

Marzano Learning Strategies

Cooperative Learning instructional strategy may be used by teachers in K-12 classrooms to improve teaching and learning through grouping students in heterogeneous groups so students contribute his or her academic strength to the groups effort.


Heterogeneous groups- groups that are comprise of students with broad forms of instructional levels. Students with varied learning levels work together and help each other to reach an instructional goal.

As a model for teacher follow:

When forming reading groups, the teacher deliberately has low, medium and high readers as measured by reading level assessments working together in a Heterogeneous Group to comprehend and analyze a given text together.

The teacher then gives the students an assignment often helping them to divide up the work that needs to be done so that each individual in the group has a certain role to play.


Cooperative learning promotes peer engagement and improves concentration and encourages students to collaborate in groups together.


The Meta-Analysis Research suggests that teachers assign Cooperative Learning groups into three to four students. Teachers delegated duties and activities among the group so to strengthen the student's interdependence among them. The learning benefits are modeling proper social skills, personal interaction and individual responsibility for the group.

Cooperative Learning five defining elements are:

1. Positive interdependence

2. Face-to-face interaction

3. Individual and group accountability

4. Interpersonal and small group skills

5. Group processing


Marzano's research indicate that teachers should promote student learning in conjunction with the nine other instructional strategies. Cooperative Learning in action video.


Marzano's High Yield Strategies
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**Similarities and Differences** Enhance students' understanding of and ability to use knowledge.
45 percent gain
external image note.gif **Summarizing and Notetaking** Provide students with tools for identifying and understanding the most important aspects of what they are learning
34 percent gain
external image effort.gif Reinforcing effort and providing recognition Teach that hard work leads to success; stimulates motivation and enhances achievement
29 percent gain
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Homework and Practice
Extend the school day and provides students with opportunities to refine and extend their knowledge.
28 percent gain
external image nonling.gif **Nonlinguistic representations** Help students understand content in a new way. These can range from graphic organizers to physical knowledge
27 percent gain
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Cooperative Learning
Develop positive interdependence, accountability, interpersonal skills and small-group skills and group processing
27 percent gain
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**Setting Objectives and Providing Feedback** Establish a direction for learning and students personalize instructional objectives. Providing frequent feedback that is corrective in nature positively impacts student achievement.
23 percent gain
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Generating and Testing Hypotheses
Involve the application of knowledge and has practical applications in all curriculum areas: systems analysis, problem solving and historical investigations are three examples. 23 percent gain
external image cues.gif **Cues, Questions and Advance Organizers**
Help activate prior knowledge, stimulate analytical thinking and promote deeper learning.
22 percent gain

When students work in cooperative groups they make sense of, or construct meaning for, new knowledge by interacting with others.